You have just sat down to dinner with your family only to be interrupted by a knock at the door. You open the door and are immediately handcuffed and dragged off into the night under a European arrest warrant to serve a prison term in a foreign country for a crime that you never committed.
This is the eight-year long nightmare faced by Mircea Flore.
In 2006, while living in London and working for the Swiss bank Credit Suisse, Flore together with some of his colleagues, were accused by the Romanian authorities of various crimes including membership of a criminal gang and espionage while doing their jobs in Romania – a European Union (EU) member since 2007. While false and illegal evidence was presented against him, he was denied the opportunity to present factual evidence in his defense and has been sentenced to four and a half years in a Romanian prison. In a Sunday Times article his colleague and co-defendant Vadim Benyatov says the charges are “politically motivated”. They were brought under a 1969 espionage law created by the communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu to go after political opponents.
No evidence of wrongdoing
Credit Suisse is backing the defendants after they and the London law firm Clifford Chance did a thorough internal investigation and review of all the evidence presented and found no evidence of wrongdoing. Credit Suisse was puzzled by what they described as prosecutions that are clearly unjustified. Credit Suisse presented its findings to the Romanian prosecutors and judges as well as to the European Commission and the UK, Swiss and US governments.
Extremely serious implications for foreign organisations operating in Romania
This case has potentially extremely serious ramifications for any International business or organisation sending staff to work in Romania. It poses serious questions about the legal and political risk associated with interactions by foreign employees with the Romanian authorities.
EU and government inaction
Not only are Flore and his co-defendants collateral damage in a politically motivated case, they are also victims of the inaction of the EU, UK and US governments that seem to have no desire to support innocent victims in this case as it could upset their geopolitical objectives. When contacted, the UK Home Office declined to comment.
European Commission reports on monitoring of the Romanian judiciary present convictions as progress of judicial reform while overlooking widespread allegations of political interference and threats to the judiciary from what Romanians call ‘the state’s force apparatus’ or secret service. Specific convictions ought to be at looked in detail to ensure that they are not in fact travesties of justice themselves. In 2008, soon after the charges against Mircea an article entitled The European Union conceals Romania’s backsliding on corruption, was published by The Economist. This presented an unpublished report by Willem de Pauw a Belgian prosecutor and veteran EU adviser that concludes: “instead of progress in the fight against high-level corruption, Romania is regressing on all fronts…”. The article then goes on to say: “the problem is that countries such as France pushed to get Romania into the EU early for their own reasons, whether financial or geopolitical. And the political pressure may now be to cover up, not expose, the problem”.
Romanian corruption persists
2008 may seem a while back however little has changed since. Transparency International gave Romania the worst Corruption Perception Index score in the EU in 2014. If more recent evidence of Romanian institutional attitudes towards corruption is needed, in December 2013 the country’s parliament attempted to pass laws giving parliamentarians legal immunity. The nation’s lawmakers believe they are above the law and judicial independence continues to be little more than an illusion.
Innocent people’s lives left in tatters
Mircea Flore’s unfounded prosecution has destroyed his career and reputation, put enormous strain on his family and darkly dominated his life for the last eight years.
Corrupt political, institutional and business leaders know that individuals are no match for the might of the organisations they command. The individual will nearly always lose.
As Edmund Burke famously said “The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.” This is exactly what is happening here.
Supporting articles and references:
Banker flees UK over prison fear (Sunday Times 1 Feb 2015 article about one of Mircea Flore’s colleagues and co-defendants)
“I will come back to the UK if I am guaranteed a hearing in a British Court”, says top Credit Suisse banker (Bloomberg Business 2 Feb 2015 article about same)
Corruption in Romania – In Denial (The Economist – July 2008)
Romania jails ex-ministers, banker over privatisation plot (Reuters – January 2015)
Journalists under fire (The Economist – September 2012)
Legally corrupt: Romanian politicians chase ‘super-immunity’ (Aljazeera – January 2014)
Politically motivated arrests in Romania (Nine O Clock – February 2015)
Threats against Romanian constitutional court judges (Romania Journal – January 2015)
Report on Progress in Romania under the Co-operation and Verification Mechanism (European Commission – January 2015)